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Arată-i România, copilului tău | Muzeul ASTRA Sibiu

Din 2015 am fost în fiecare an în Sibiu şi în special în Dumbrava Sibiului. De muzeul Astra nu te plictiseşti niciodată, mai ales că de la o săptămână la alta găseşti aici diverse activităţi. Pentru oameni mari şi oameni mici. N-ai cum să te plictiseşti şi nici nu ai cum să nu-ţi doreşti să te mai întorci. Din moment ce ai apucat să-l vizitezi o dată, cu siguranţă te vei întoarce.

 

La invitaţia echipei lui Răzvan Pascu –  AsociatiaTravel Focus m-am întors la Sibiu pentru două zile şi le-am petrecut la Muzeul Astra. Alături de o echipă frumoasă de jurnalişti şi bloggeri şi împreună cu Tudor am luat la pas Muzeul din Dumbrava Sibiului. Două zile superbe, mai ales că vremea chiar a ţinut cu noi. În acest timp la muzeu se desfăşura Olimpiada “Meşteşuguri artistice tradiţionale”.

Dar, acum să vă povestesc despre Olimpiadă, despre modul în care a fost ea organizată, despre una dintre cele mai vechi şi frumoase biserici din lemn, adusă de la Cluj la Sibiu, dar şi despre satul românesc aflat în spatele frontului în primul război mondial. Despre casele şi atmosfera de la Muzeul Astra se pot scrie zeci de articole.

 

 

Olimpiada “Meşteşuguri artistice tradiţionale” – ediţia a XXIII-a

Timp de 5 zile, Muzeul Astra din Dumbrava Sibiului a fost plină de copii şi tineri dornici să ducă tradiţiile şi obiceiurile mai departe. Micii meșteșugari, cei mai talentați din țară, dar și din străinătate – Mexic, Bulgaria, Republica Moldova și China au participat la Olimpiada Națională Meșteșuguri Artistice și Tradiționale!

Aşadar, peste 300 de copii şi tinerii, inclusiv copii cu dizabilităţi şi-au dat întâlnire în cadrul celei de a XXIII-a ediţie a fazei naţionale a Olimpiadei “Meşteşuguri artistice tradiţionale” întrecându-se în diferite activităţi precum ţesut la război vertical şi orizontal, brodat, cusut, confecționat piese de port popular, confecționat podoabe, confecţionat păpuşi în port popular, confecţionat opinci, dantelă cu ciocănele, dantelă cu suveica, împletit, prelucrarea artistică a lemnului, sculptură lemn, sculptat icoane de vatră, xilogravură, pirogravură, metaloplastie, prelucarea cornului, prelucrarea metalului, încondeiat ouă, pictat icoane pe sticlă şi pe lemn, pictură naivă, ceramică figurativă, modelat ceramică, olărit, confecționat măști, în total 36 de activităţi. 

I-am vizitat pe fiecare în parte, am luat la pas fiecare casă din muzeu, acolo unde ei îşi desfăşurau activitatea de concurs. Plini de emoţie, optimism şi gata să se aventureze în misiunea de a duce mai departe tradiţiile moşilor şi strămoşilor noştri. Îmbrăcaţi în costume populare, tinerii din aproape toate judeţele ţării au încercat să dea un suflu nou meşteşugurilor artistice şi tradiţionale acum când şcolile de meserii sunt pe cale de dispariţie.

Evenimentul a fost organizat în parteneriat cu Inspectoratul Şcolar al Judeţului Sibiu, iar proiectul cultural a fost cofinanțat de Administrația Fondului Cultural Național şi s-a desfășurat în contextul Anului European al Patrimoniului Cultural. 

Mărturie vă las mai jos fotografii cu particpipanţii la Olimpiada “Meşteşuguri artistice tradiţionale”. Toţi erau îndrumaţi de profesori, învăţători şi coordonatori de la diversele cercuri unde activează.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Secţiune CONFECŢIONAT PĂPUŞI PREMIUL I L-A CÂŞTIGAT MARINA ANA, Bucureşti, instructor Tremurici Liliana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

În acest an la Olimpiada “Meşteşuguri artistice tradiţionale” a participat şi un grup de copii şi tineri cu dizabilitaţi.

 

Tinerii cu dizabilităţi nu s-au lăsat mai prejos

Frumoşi şi tineri, cu multe probleme de viaţă, dar cu toate acestea nu au vrut să se lase mai prejos. Au lucrat cot la cot cu ceilalţi participanţi la olimpiadă şi nu s-a făcut nicio diferenţă între unii şi alţii. Arhitecţi la bază, câţiva tineri membri ai Asociaţiei Metodelor Alternative de Integrare Socială (AMAis din Bucureşti)  s-au alăturat organizatorilor pentru a le face şi mai uşoară şi plăcută şederea la muzeul Astra. Aşa că au realizat un loc de joaca mobil de care s-au bucurat atât copiii cu dizabilităţi, cât şi cei fără probleme. Împreună s-au jucat în minunatul loc de joacă neconvenţional.

 

 

 

 

Printre aleile muzeului ce le străbăteam noi pentru a ajunge din casă-n casă pe un mic deal stă falnică biserică din lemn din Dretea.

 

Biserica Dretea, una dintre cele mai frumoase biserici de lemn din România

De pe la începuturilor anilor 1600 şi până în 2003, biserica din lemn „Pogorârea Sfântului Duh din Dretea” a fost locul unde localnicii din satul Dretea, comuna Mănăstireni, judeţul Cluj i-au trecut pragul de-a lungul acestor sute de ani. Pictura a fost realizată în anul 1672, iar iconostasul a fost pictat pe pânză în anul 1742, direct pe bârnele de lemn şi pe scândurile care acoperă tavanul pronaosului, bolta naosului şi cupola altarului, în tehnica tempera, incredibil de bine conservată până în ziua de astăzi. În 2003, biserica a fost achiziționată de Muzeul Astra și reconstruită în Dumbrava Sibiului în 2006.

 

 

Prin pictura sa, biserica din lemn este considerată una dintre cele mai frumoase biserici din lemn din România. Micuţa Capelă sixtină, cum mai este denumită, o dată ce a fost mutată în Dumbrava Sibiului i-a fost redată şi funcţia slujitoare prin slujbele duminicale sau speciale, ocazionate de obiceiurile şi sărbătorile tradiţionale de peste an.

Pentru că a fost construită într-o perioadă în care majoritatea populaţiei săteşti nu ştia carte, iar limba liturgică era slavona, biserica a fost zugrăvită pe înţelesul populaţiei satului.

Turla are o înălţime de 8 m deasupra unui acoperiş zvelt, unitar, care adăposteşte prispa simplă cu stâlpişori şi pereţi, dispuşi pe tălpi masive, ale căror bârne se încheie, în părţile superioare, în console.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Muzeografii din Dumbravă au inclus în program şi o fărâmă din viaţa de zi cu zi a femeilor de la ţară pe timp de război. Rămase singure acasă, ele trebuia să aibă grijă de toată gospodăria – casă, copii, mâncare şi animale.

 

„Satul din spatele frontului”

Am avut ocazia să vedem o scenă care aproape că se întâmpla zilnic în perioada primului război mondial, 1916. Am văzut cum erau ocupate de către nemţi gospodăriile ţărăneşti în acea perioadă, când bărbaţii erau plecaţi la război.

Actori profesionişti ai Teatrului Mic din Sibiu, muzeografi împreună cu câţiva membri ai unor asociații istorice au pus în scenă, în curtea unei case din Gorj un astfel de moment. Pentru asta a fost folosită o recuzită similară armatei române din perioada războiului.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Muzeul Astra, cel mai mare muzeu în aer liber din Europ

În 1861 se înființează, la Sibiu, “Asociațiunea transilvană pentru literatura română și cultura poporului român” – ASTRA având ca scop procesul de cunoașterea, păstrarea și popularizarea moștenirii cultural-naționale a poporului. La acea vreme, liderii Asociațiunii și-au dat seama că românii trebuie să aibă un muzeu al lor, deci trebuie să-și organizeze unul. Prima expoziţie a Muzeului Asociaţiunii, instituţie de la care provine numele ASTRA, a avut loc în 1905.

Acum muzeul în aer liber deţine 130 de hectare, peste 30 de mori, dispune de un lac şi de peste zece kilometri de alei, unde poţi merge pe jos, cu trăsura, iar iarna cu sania.

 

 

 

 

Gospodărie atelier de dogari-rotari din Obârşa, judeţul Hunedoara

 

 

 

 

Fotografii realizate de Tudor Roşu

După două zile petrecute în Muzeul din Dumbrava Sibiului ne-am despărţit cu greu de lecţia de istorie ţinută de Mirela Iancu, director al muzeului care ne-a însoţit în incursiunea noastră.

 

 

 

***

 

Tot aici am să vă spun şi câte ceva despre proiectul meu „Arată-i România, copilului tău”. Îmi doresc atât eu, cât şi voi să călătoriţi în România alături de copii, să le arătaţi unde v-aţi petrecut copilăria, cum era satul, care sunt obiceiurile şi tradiţiile atât în Moldova, Muntenia şi Transilvania, cum trăiau strămoşii noştri şi câte şi mai câte. Dacă nu aţi copilărit la ţară la bunici, atunci încercaţi să exploraţi România tradiţională, România rurală, România frumoasă, România plină de poveşti!

Aşadar, eu şi Tudor vom călătorii împreună, vom descoperi locuri frumoase şi vă vom de veste!

 

 

 

Muzeul Civilizației Populare Tradiționale Astra

Strada Pădurea Dumbrava nr. 16-20 (DJ106A) Sibiu

PROGRAM: luni – duminică: 0800 – 2000 

Luni și Marți accesul pentru Muzeul în aer liber se va face doar pe la intrarea principală (Poarta 1) şi Hanul din Tulgheş (Poarta 2)

 

 

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