Durere în piept? Despre ce boală poate fi vorba și ce trebuie să facem

Aproximativ 33 de milioane de adulți din Europa suferă de angina pectorala, aceasta fiind mai frecventa la persoanele cu vârsta peste 50 de ani, la pacienții cu hipertensiune arteriala, la diabetici si la fumători.

Angina pectorala este un tip de durere toracică care rezultă din scăderea fluxului de sânge către inimă. Lipsa fluxului de sânge înseamnă că mușchiul inimii nu primește suficient oxigen. Durerea este adesea declanșată de activitatea fizică sau de stresul emoțional.

Angina pectorală stabilă, numită și angina pectorala, este cel mai frecvent tip de angina pectorală. Angina pectorală este un model predictibil al durerii toracice. De obicei, puteți urmări modelul pe baza a ceea ce faceți atunci când simțiți durerea din piept. 

Care sunt factorii de risc pentru angina pectorală?

Factorii de risc pentru angina stabilă includ: obezitatea, antecedente de boli de inima, colesterol ridicat sau hipertensiune arterială, diabet, fumat, lipsa exercițiului fizic.

Mesele copioase, antrenamentele fizice viguroase și vremea extrem de caldă sau rece pot declanșa, de asemenea, angina stabilă în unele cazuri.

Tratamentul pentru angina pectorală

Singurul tratament la îndemână este modificarea stilului de viață.
Deoarece boala cardiacă este adesea cauza principală a majorității formelor de angina pectorală, puteți reduce sau preveni angina prin lucrarea la reducerea factorilor de risc pentru boala cardiacă și la modificarea stilului de viață. 

Acești factori de risc pot include:

Fumat. Dacă fumezi, oprește-te.

Dieta. Mâncați cantități limitate de grăsimi saturate, grăsimi trans și sare. Includeți o varietate de fructe și legume, cereale integrale, carne slabă și produse lactate cu conținut scăzut de grăsimi în alimentația dumneavoastră.

Optimizați nivelurile colesterolului. Lipsa activității fizice. Discutați cu medicul dumneavoastră despre începerea unui plan de exerciții sigure.

Obezitate. Dacă sunteți supraponderal, discutați cu medicul dumneavoastră despre opțiunile de pierdere în greutate.

Stres. Evitarea stresului este mai ușor de zis decât de făcut, dar încercați să găsiți modalități de relaxare. Discutați cu medicul dumneavoastră despre tehnicile de reducere a stresului.

Dacă aveți angină pectorală stabilă, puteți fi tratat numai cu medicamente și modificări ale stilului de viață și este posibil să nu aveți nevoie de angioplastie cu stent. 

Despre stil de viață este vorba și în cazul în care vă treziți că aveți scabie. Da, această infecție care este transmisibilă în urma contactului cutanat cu o persoană infectată sau prin contact sexual. 

108 thoughts on “Durere în piept? Despre ce boală poate fi vorba și ce trebuie să facem

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