Bichon Maltez, una dintre cele mai vechi rase de câini

Bichonul maltez este una dintre cele mai vechi rase de câini de talie mică, cu o istorie care datează de peste 2.000 de ani. Primele mențiuni despre această rasă se găsesc în Grecia și Roma antice, unde era considerată un simbol al bogăției și statutului social.

Bichonul maltez este un câine de companie ideal, fiind inteligent, afectuos și ușor de dresat. Este un câine mic, cu o înălțime de până la 25 cm și o greutate de până la 4 kg. Blana sa este lungă și mătăsoasă, de culoare albă pură.

Bichonii maltez sunt câini foarte activi și necesită o cantitate moderată de exerciții fizice. De asemenea, blana lor trebuie periată în mod regulat pentru a preveni încurcarea și înnodarea.

Speranța de viață a unui bichon maltez este 12-15 ani, este de talie mică, cu o înălțime de până la 25 cm și o greutate de până la 4 kg, iar cu toate acestea, pot fi predispuși la unele probleme de sănătate, cum ar fi:

  • Afecțiuni oculare, cum ar fi glaucomul și cataracta
  • Afecțiuni ale dinților și gingiilor
  • Afecțiuni ale pielii, cum ar fi alergiile și dermatitele
  • Probleme digestive
  • Probleme de inimă

Istoricul rasei

Originea exactă a bichonului maltez este necunoscută, dar se crede că este descendent al câinilor de talie mică din Orientul Mijlociu. Primele mențiuni despre această rasă se găsesc în Grecia și Roma antice, unde era considerată un simbol al bogăției și statutului social.

Bichonii maltez erau adesea prezenți în viața nobililor și a aristocraților. Erau apreciați pentru blana lor albă pură, care era un simbol al purității și al inocenței.

În secolul al XVI-lea, bichonii maltez au fost aduși în Europa de către marinarii portughezi. Au devenit rapid populari în toată Europa și au fost adoptați de familii din toate categoriile sociale.

Temperament

În ceea ce privește temperamentul bichonilor maltezi aceștia sunt câini foarte afectuoși, devotați stăpânilor lor și se înțeleg bine cu copiii.

Îngrijire

Blana bichonului maltez necesită o îngrijire specială. Trebuie periată în mod regulat pentru a preveni încurcarea și înnodarea. De asemenea, blana trebuie tunsă periodic pentru a menține forma și lungimea dorită și nu au nevoie de spălat decât atunci când este necesar.

Cât mănâncă un Bichon Maltez 

Când vine vorba de alimentație, cantitatea de mâncare se stabilește în funcție de fiecare cățel în parte. Ca regulă generală, este recomandat ca în primele 6 luni să aibă porția de mâncare împărțită în 3-4 mese pe zi, a câte 15 minute fiecare. Între mese nu mai este recomandată altă mâncare. 


Ulterior, pe măsură ce înaintează în vârstă, mesele se reduc la două pe zi sau chiar o singură masă, fie mâncare umede sau hrana uscata caini. Cantitatea maximă de calorii se poate calcula astfel: pentru un câine ce cântărește 2 kg, mâncarea trebuie să conțină maxim 220 de calorii. 

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